A herniated disc is a condition occurring from the rupture of the gel-like center through a weak area in the tough outer wall. Back or leg pain occurs when the disc compresses a spinal nerve. Its treatment is through conservative nonsurgical treatment. Research shows that 80 % of people undergoing treatment resume normal duties after about six weeks. In cases where this treatment does not work, surgery is the next option.
The symptoms of a herniated disc vary depending on the location of herniation and the response of the person to the pain. Pain occurs from the low back area to both legs and sometimes to your feet. This pain feels like an electric shock that continues whether you are standing, walking, or sitting. Bending, twisting, lifting, and sitting increases the pain. Lying on the back with the knees bent relieves the pressure on the disc hence making you a bit more comfortable. Sometimes numbness, and tingling of the legs, cramping and muscle spasms may also accompany the pain. Your leg weakens and your ankle suffers reflex loss. In other cases, one experiences foot drop, loss of bower and bladder control. At this stage, you should seek medical help as soon as possible.
The causes of a herniated disc are associated with improper lifting and injury, and aging. As you grow old, you discs become dry and harder. The tough fibrous of the disc weaken and they are unable to contain the gel-like nucleus. This material tears causing pain upon touching a sensitive nerve.
Herniated discs occur in people in their 30s and 40s. It is important to note that the middle aged and the old people are at more risk especially if they carry out strenuous activities. Disc herniation occurs around the neck region in most cases. Disc herniation around the thoracic region is a rare occurrence.
Its diagnosis is through a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).This is a scan that uses magnetic field and radio frequency waves to view the soft tissues of your spine. It allows 3-dimension of your spine. A is injected into your bloodstream. An MRI can detect a nerve compression, a damaged disc, bony overgrowth, spinal cord tumors, and abscesses. Prevention of a MRI herniated disc is simple. Avoid smoking, stress and maintain good postures.